Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT) a thin strip of hair is taken from the back and/or sides of the head and the area where the strip was taken from is closed. The hair from above covers the area so that it is not visible. Many physicians utilize the Trichophytic Closure Technique to minimize donor scarring.The elastic limit of the scalp should never be exceeded. This principle applies to both the first and subsequent surgeries. Scar formation after multiple surgeries will still be minimal if the elastic limit of the scalp is not exceeded.
The donor strip is placed under binocular microscopes where the follicular units, of one to four hairs, are carefully dissected into tiny grafts. Meticulous microscopic dissection is an important part of the hair transplant procedure to assure maximum growth.
Recipient sites for the new hair follicles are then made in the bald scalp where the grafts are inserted. If there is some hair in the area, your doctor can work within the existing hair, so that it doesn’t need to be cut. The depth, angle, and distribution of these recipient sites are a critical aspect of the hair transplant procedure if the results are to look natural. With an experienced surgical team of hair transplant technicians Dr. Katona is able to precisely place the new hair to duplicate your original hair growth pattern.
Once the recipient sites are made, the grafts are carefully inserted into the scalp. The 1-hair grafts are placed at the hairline, the two hair grafts are placed behind them and the larger units are placed in the central area. The recipient site sizes are matched to the different size grafts, so that a snug fit is created. This helps healing, enhances hair growth of the follicles and permits a very easy recovery.
Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE) is a time intensive procedure that is performed when the patient desires to be able to shave his/her hair short enough in the donor area that the skin will show and they do not want any scar visible. To accomplish this a relatively large area in the back and sides of the scalp is shaved to approximately 1-mm in length. Instead of removing a single strip a tiny circular incision is made to remove individual follicular units. The follicular units are then extracted, one-by-one, directly from the scalp. The tiny wounds are small enough to be left open and heal on their own.
Usually a hair transplant is visible for about a week. Some patients cover the area with their existing hair and others choose to wear a hat. Patients can resume normal daily activities the second day following their procedure, although there are some restrictions on exercise, smoking and drinking.
New hair growth starts to appear 8 to 10 weeks after hair surgery and significant hair growth is achieved in 8 to 12 months.